Gay-Laussac’s law (1809): according to this law, “when gases react, the volume of these gases, and the volumes of the product formed (if gaseous) are in simple whole number ratio to each other”.
The ratio 1 : 1 : 2 (a simple ratio)
Example 1. An iron cylinder contains helium at a pressure of 240 kPa at 300 K. The cylinder can withstand a pressure of Pa. The room in which cyliner is placed catches fire. Predict whether the cylinder will blow up before it melts or not? (M.P. of the cylinder I800 K)
Solution: According to pressure temperature relationship:
But the cylinder will burst at therefore the cylinder will burst before melting.
Example 2. From 0.2 g of gas, molecules are removed. Calculate the number of moles of left behind.
Solution: Since gram molecular mass =1 mole
44 g (mol. Mass) of 1 mole.
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