Atomic Model

Atomic model

An atom is the defined as the smallest particle of any element that still retains the characteristics of that element. However, atoms consists of even smaller particles. Atom consists of central, dense nucleus that is surrounded by one or more lightweight negatively charged particle called electrons.

Nucleus is made up of positively charged particle called protons and neutrons which is neutral. The force of attraction between the electron and protons heds atom together.

Some of the questions and answers related to atomic model are listed below:


Worksheet Questions:


1. Rutherford model is related to explain:

(a)    Discovery of nucleus

(b)   Spectrum of Hydrogenic species

(c)    Planetary motion of electrons around nucleus

(d)   All of these


2. Rutherford’s \alpha dispersion experiment concludes?

(a)    All –ve ions are deposited at small part

(b)   Proton moves around the nucleus

(c)    All +ve ions are deposited at small part

(d)   Neutrons are charged particles


3. Bohr’s model fails to explain:

(a)    Spectrum of species with more than one electron

(b)   Fails to explain chemical bonding

(c)    Fails to explain Zeeman and Stark effect

(d)   All of these


4. If energy of an electron of H-atom in Ist orbit is -13.6 e.V what will it be in IInd orbit?

(a)    -26.2 eV

(b)   -6.8 eV

(c)    -3.4 eV

(d)   -13.6 eV


5. The velocity of which will be equal to Bohr’s  velocity?

(a)    He^+ in IInd orbit

(b)   Li^{+2} in IIIrd orbit

(c)    Both of these

(d)   None


6. If for a Hydrogenic species the radius in 1st orbit is X \AA which will it be in 3rd orbit for the same species?

(a)    3 X \AA

(b)   6 X \AA

(c)    9 X \AA

(d)   27 X \AA


7. Sommerfeld atomic model can explain:

(a)    Circular nature of orbit

(b)   Elliptical nature of orbit

(c)    Both circular as well as elliptical

(d)   None of these


8. The radius of H-atom is 0.52 \times 10^{-8} cm. The value of radius of first orbit of He^+  ion is?

(a)    0.52 \times 10^{-8} cm

(b)   0.26 \times 10^{-8} cm

(c)    2.06 \times 10^{-8} cm

(d)   1.04 \times 10^{-8} cm


9. Thomson atomic model can explain only:

(a)    Existence of Nucleus

(b)   Electric neutrality

(c)    Orbital concept

(d)   All of these


Worksheet Answers:-

1. (d)        2. (c)         3. (d)       4. (c)       5. (c)

6. (c)         7. (c)         8. (b)       9. (b)

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