Instantaneous velocity and speed.
Beside instantaneous velocity , average velocity is a way of defining how fast a body is moving.But average velocity is only the average of the velocity of body over a given time interval , and not the exact measure of velocity of a body at an instant.
The exact measure of velocity of a body at an instant or over a very-very-very short time interval is known as instantaneous velocity.
Instantaneous velocity =
And instantaneous velocity is also the derivative of the “position of the object” ( “x” ) with respect to “time interval”( “t” )
or, Instantaneous velocity =
In a graph of motion of an object drawn “x” versus “t”; Instantaneous velocity of the object is the slope of tangent line drawn at the position representing that instant.
Instantaneous velocity is a vector quantity and thus have it’s direction ( positive or negative ) associated with it along with it’s magnitude.
Speed of an object is the magnitude of the vector quantity “Instantaneous velocity” of the object.
Or , speed is similar to Instantaneous velocity and is different only because speed is a scalar quantity and doesn’t deals with the direction of the movement.
1. If the Instantaneous velocity of an object is -7m/s then the speed of the object at that instance is 7m/s.
2. If the Instantaneous velocity of an object is +19m/s then the speed of the object at that instance is 19m/s.
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